Thomson, James

   1. (1700-1748)
   Scottish poet, the son of a minister, born and raised in Roxburghshire and educated at Jedburgh Grammar School and Edinburgh University, where three of his poems appeared in the Edinburgh Miscellany of 1720. He worked as tutor for several notable figures, including Sir Charles Talbot, then solicitor-general. His collected poetry was published as The Seasons in 1730. He quickly became successful and won favor with Frederick, Prince of Wales, whom he supported politically. He also wrote several plays, including The Tragedy of Sophonisba (1734) and collaborated with David Mallet (see entry) on the masque Alfred, which contained the song "Rule Britannia," first performed at Cliveden, the country home of the Prince and Princess of Wales. He was buried near the font in Richmond parish church, Surrey, and is memorialized by a stone in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Some of his poems: "For I must sing of all I feel and know," "Liberty," "On Beauty," "On Happiness," "Short is the Doubtful Empire of the Night," "Sunday Up the River," "The Castle of Indolence," "The Doom of a City," "To the Memory of Sir Isaac Newton."
   Sources: An Antholog y of World Poetry. Mark Van Doren, ed. Reynal and Hitchcock, Inc., 1936. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. Poems of James Thomson. Henry Holt and Company, 1927. Poets of the English Language, Vols. I-V. W.H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson, eds. Viking Press, 1950. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Poetical Works of James Thomson. Houghton, Mifflin (no date). Through the Year with the Poets. Oscar Fay Adams, ed. D. Lothrop and Company, 1886. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).
   2. (1834-1882)
   Born at Port Glasgow, as an orphan of an officer in the merchant service he was educated at the Royal Caledonian Asylum, London (see MacKay, Charles). From 1851 to 1862, he was an Army schoolmaster where, in Ireland, he fell in love with beautiful Matilda Weller, whose sudden death in 1853 affected the rest of his life. He made friends with Charles Bradlaugh, the founder of the radical journal National Reformer (1860), for which paper Thomson became a journalist, writing under the pseudonyms "B.V." or "Bysshe Vanolis" (in honor of Shelley and the German poet known as Novalis). From 1866 his life degenerated into heavy drinking, poverty, loneliness, insomnia, and deep pessimism, living in a one-room lodging on Gower Street, London. During this period he wrote his masterpiece, City of Dreadful Night (1874), a great poem of massive structure and profound symbolism. He died in University College Hospital and was buried without any religious ceremony in Highgate Cemetery. Some of his other poems: "A Capstan Chorus," "Robert Burns," "Siren's Song," "Sunday at Hampstead," "The Cypress and the Roses," "The Jolly Veterans," "Withered Leaves."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. Poems and Some Letters of James Thomson. Anne Ridler, ed. Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1963. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Nineteenth-Century English Verse. John Hayward, ed. Oxford University Press, 1964; reprinted, with corrections, 1965. The Oxford Book of Victorian Verse. Arthur QuillerCouch, ed. Oxford University Press, 1971. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Thomson, James — Thomson, James. Wenn der Reisende an einer der gewaltigen Docken Londons vorübergeht oder vom Quai der Themse aus hinsieht auf den starrenden Mastenwald mit Britanniens Löwenpanier, da hört er wohl oft aus hundert rauhen Kehlen gewaltig ertönen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Thomson,James — Thomson, James. 1700 1748. Scottish born British poet whose works, most notably The Seasons (1726 1730) and The Castle of Indolence (1748), presaged romanticism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Thomson, James — SUBJECT AREA: Mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic engineering [br] b. 16 February 1822 Belfast, Ireland (now Northern Ireland) d. 8 May 1892 Glasgow, Scotland [br] Irish civil engineer noted for his work in hydraulics and for his design of the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Thomson, James — ▪ 2002       On Aug. 9, 2001, U.S. Pres. George W. Bush announced that the federal government would support research on the approximately 60 existing lines (self sustaining colonies) of human embryonic stem cells, microscopically tiny… …   Universalium

  • Thomson, James — 1) (1700 1748)    Poet, s. of the minister of Ednam, Roxburghshire, spent most of his youth, however, at Southdean, a neighbouring parish, to which his f. was translated. He was ed. at the parish school there, at Jedburgh, and at Edin., whither… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • THOMSON, JAMES —    1) the poet of the Seasons, born, the son of the parish minister, at Ednam, Roxburghshire; was educated and trained for the ministry at Edinburgh University, but already wooing the muse, he, shortly after his father s death in 1725, went to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Thomson (músico) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase James Thomson. James Thompson Información personal Nombre real James Antony Thomson Lochiel Muerte …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Thomson (engineer) — James Thomson (February 16, 1822 May 8, 1892) was an Irish engineer and physicist whose reputation would have been substantial had it not been overshadowed by that of his brother William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin.Born in Belfast, Thomson was… …   Wikipedia

  • James Thomson (Schriftsteller) — James Thomson James Thomson (* 11. September 1700 in Ednam, Roxburghshire; † 27. August 1748) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller. Leben Während seiner Zeit als Student der Theologie an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Noel Thomson — (born 1888; died 1979) was an officer in the British Indian Army during World War II.As part of Iraqforce (Paiforce), Major General Thomson commanded the Indian 6th Infantry Division during Anglo Soviet invasion of Persia. Command history* 1934… …   Wikipedia

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